When building or renovating an industrial building, the key question is: Which type of industrial floor should be chosen?
Of course, it is first and foremost a question of finding an economical and durable option. But factors such as use and materials to which the floor will be exposed must also be considered to make the right decision.
In order to be better informed, it is important to know the most common types of industrial flooring.
These are certainly the most frequently used concrete floors. Polished concrete floors are easy to build and very quick to use.
The installation process is simple, but must also be carried out by experienced specialists as the concrete surface is grinded and polished. The rough concrete texture, also called microroughness, is removed. The concrete floor is then hardened, polished and sealed.
BECOSAN® is specialized in this type of industrial flooring. For further information please visit our following link: polished concrete.
Advantages of polished concrete
One of the reasons for the success of polished concrete is its quick installation. This takes much less time than other types of industrial floors, and in industry time is an indispensable resource.
In addition, no toxic or corrosive chemicals are used.
The advantages of polished concrete can be summarised in the following points:
- Quick and easy installation
- No use of aggressive or toxic chemicals
- Glossy surface finish
- High resistance
- Long life span
- Dust-proof industrial floor
Power floated concrete
This type of industrial floor is by far the best known. The surface is rough, and offers good slip resistance for pedestrians and vehicles. Therefore, it is also used for the construction of car parks and garages.
Therefore, it is also used for the construction of car parks and garages.
A power floated concrete floor is an excellent option as the process is economical and fast.
Power floated concrete is often confused with polished concrete as the machines used are identical in both cases. However, there are significant differences that distinguish these floors from each other.
Differences between power floated concrete and polished concrete
The process for installing the currently most widely used industrial floors is similar in both cases, but there are clear differences and characteristics:
- Power floated concrete floors are not compacted and hardened
- Power floated concrete floors are completed faster
- A Power floated concrete floor has a rougher surface, but is therefore not safer.
- In contrast to the Power floated version, polished concrete floors are dust-proof and more resistant.
- Polished concrete floors are easier to clean
- Polished concrete floors can be used in practically any industrial environment
- Polished concrete floors have a longer life span
Epoxy floors are the most frequently used industrial floor coating due to their special properties.
It is in demand in the food and pharmaceutical industries, both because of its dust-proof properties and due to its compliance with hygiene regulations.
When an epoxy floor is coated to the concrete layer, the mixture with other chemical components hardens and forms an even and impermeable coating which is resistant to loads and abrasion.
In addition, the colour can be adjusted according to the customer’s needs and preferences.
However, epoxy resin is a toxic material. Therefore, the user must follow high protective measures during application.
The drying time of an epoxy floor is at least 48 hours. This means that the surface must not be used immediately after completion.
Epoxy is impermeable to water and not permeable to water vapour. This may result in moisture in the floor not being able to evaporate. In the case of expansion joints, entire epoxy parts can burst away as they no longer adhere due to the moisture.
For further information please click on the following link: Resina Epoxi.
It is a relatively simple chemical compound. Polyurethane has a liquid consistency which hardens on contact with concrete and forms a homogeneous, weather-resistant layer.
If the floor cannot be coated with conventional epoxy resin, polyurethane is used. Epoxy resin is mainly used indoors because it is not as temperature and sunlight resistant as polyurethane. Polyurethane is also the most commonly used flooring solution in moisture-prone surfaces such as slaughterhouses.
Mixture of epoxy resin and polyurethane
Can both coatings be mixed together and at the same time combine the advantages of both? In fact, both components can be mixed and produce excellent results when a smooth surface and durability are required.
By combining the quality of both materials, the following can be achieved:
- Good resistance to temperature fluctuations and solar radiation
- Colour stability
- Waterproof surface
- Various gloss levels