Industrial Concrete Floors
Industrial concrete floors are used in almost every industrial facility: heavy traffic of forklifts, physical impacts, repeated movement of stock, the use of aggressive chemicals or high-pressure washes.
Some environments, such as food production plants, pharmaceutical companies, or wastewater treatment plants require floor surfaces that can also accommodate large temperature variations.
Industrial concrete flooring must be water repellent and slip-resistant to ensure the safety of workers while meeting the high standards of hygiene and cleanliness of different sectors of business activities.
Industrial concrete floor coatings
Floor coatings are one a demanded applications for a high-performance floors. They are an economical and safe alternative to other types of commercial concrete floor systems, such as vinyl, or polished or dense concrete. Floor coatings provide an even, elastic finish that provides superior resistance to chemicals and stains.
Historically, industrial coatings have incorporated several types of epoxy or urethane coatings that were available in a variety of colors and finishes. Over the last decade, polyaspartic concrete coatings have emerged as an alternative to standard urethane or epoxy type systems.
If you own a business or are a Facilities Manager, it is likely that you have encountered a self-laying epoxy floor in one of the big box stores.
Although these options are certainly less expensive than performing the professional installation of concrete flooring, they will generally not last or provide as long an adequate protection surface.
The polyaspartic concrete cladding is chosen every day by budget-conscious homeowners looking for floor solutions, a check mark over standard epoxy coatings, and typically installed in a day.
Advantages of Industrial concrete floor coatings
- Installation in one day and normal use of the premises the next day
- Customizable colours and textures
- Superior adhesion to the substrate
- Excellent durability
- High resistance to chemicals and stains
- High adhesion floor solution
Installation process Industrial concrete floor coatings
Understanding the components of a good floor covering adhesion is critical to ensure a high integrity polyaspartic concrete liner installation.
Following the preparation of the surface, the installer follows a disciplined installation process that is customized according to the layout of the floor and the general requirements of the project.
For indoor applications, where VOC and solvent odors must be kept to a minimum, homeowners can choose pure coating systems, which are low in VOCs and have a weak odor.
These systems offer durability comparable to standard floor covering applications, but they emit no strong odors or VOCs.
In general, the premises may return to normal use of the facilities within 24 hours after the final screed is applied.
Polished concrete: a surface that attracts attention
In addition to being aesthetically brilliant, Polished concrete is wear-resistant and easy to clean. The trolleys leave no trace on this surface. You will be pleased with its anti-dust and anti-slip properties, even when the floor is wet. This environmentally friendly and economical material stands out from other types of coatings by its superior durability.
Polished concrete can be installed in a home, office, store or factory. Thanks to the polishing of the concrete, the ground becomes more resistant to the shock, it guarantees the longevity of a building and is also appreciated by its facility of cleaning. Indeed, because of its polished material, concrete is easy to maintain. Once polished, concrete is a real anti slip and guarantees a safe ground.
In factories and warehouses, waxed concrete is ideal for the passage of forklift trucks or other industrial machines because the contact of the tire does not catch, so there are no traces of wheels that can be found on other types of coatings. Concerning the polishing of concrete in the house, it is necessary to know that the polished concrete is compatible with a system of heating on the soil.
The Concrete Finishing Treatment
This method makes it possible to sand all the irregularities of the ground, in particular by removing the coatings affixed previously.
This technique removes the friable parts of the concrete surface, the milt from the concrete, to expose the underlying layer which is stronger and more resistant.
The application of a hardener densifier
A densifier will then be applied over the entire surface to reinforce the concrete. This lithium-based product allows the soil to withstand heavy traffic and calcium residues.
To erase the sanding marks and achieve the desired gloss level (satin, semi-gloss, lustrous and high gloss), the floor will be polished several times. (Grinding with 100, 200, 400, 800 and 1500 grain resin diamonds).
The higher the number of polishes, the more the surface will become shiny, reflect the light and the more impurities and traces will be prevented from adhering to it.
A colourful concrete floor
The polished concrete can be declined in a multitude of colors or reasons to adapt to all the decorations. From bright colors to more classic shades, the customer is spoiled for choice.
At the application stage of the densifier, a semi-transparent coloration will be added to the product. The result is amazing.
The floor is slightly tinted, while enjoying the raw beauty of concrete subjacent.
In addition to color, the depth of sanding plays an aesthetic role. By revealing more or less the amount of stone exposed in concrete, you can create all kinds of effects and transform an environment.
Cleaning Concrete Floors
You have probably heard the story of the man lost in the countryside who asks a local for directions. The local replies “if I wanted to get to there I wouldn’t start from here!”
And so it is with concrete floors. If I wanted a clean floor I wouldn’t start with concrete! You see the problem with concrete is that it disaggregates with wear. The thing that holds the concrete together is the lime. Over time through the traffic of feet, heavy machinery and the regular cleaning of concrete the lime leaves the surface and, hence, create dust.
This is the paradox of cleaning concrete floors – the more you wash it, the dustier it gets. There is a solution to this but more of that later.
Equipment for cleaning concrete floors
For a small area, like a garage, a broom, a mop and a bucket are all you need. However, here at Becosan, we are more used to dealing with floors that measure in the thousands of square meters. For these floors we require something different.
We recommend using a ride on scrubber dryer like a Karcher or Gmatic. These type of machines come in different models whether that be a ride on or walk behind machine, it has a combined scrubbing function of a rotary cleaning machine with the suction capabilities of a vacuum cleaner. This allows both cleaning processes to be carried out in a single pass. Following treatment with a scrubber dryer, the floor is clean and dry and suitable for walking on.
The scrubber dryer is equipped with a clean water tank which feeds water by gravity to the rotating brushes underneath.
The cleaning process creates a mix of dirt, concrete dust and water which is sucked into a collection tank and the dirty water can be safely disposed of.
No detergent or chemical is used in the cleaning process.
Making a concrete floor easy to clean
What we need is a means of trapping the lime in the concrete and making it much harder and resistant to wear. Here at Becosan we recommend the Becosan three step process to significantly improve the appearance of the concrete, its hardness and, hence, make it easier to clean.
The first step is to grind the concrete using diamond hard Becosan discs to remove all micro roughness from the surface, then we would proceed with the second step which is the application of the Becosan Densifier which significantly increases the hardness of the floor. Furthermore we would then continue to close the pores of the surface before finishing with the third step.
The final stage is a comprehensive treatment with Becosan Protective Sealer.
Impact on the cleaning process of the Becosan System
The impact is very significant. Once the concrete floor has been treated with the Becosan system the surface is easier to clean. The floor itself produces less concrete dust so there is less dirt. Less dirt means that less water is used and there is less dirty water to dispose of afterwards.
The floor is also resistant to liquid absorption and spillages can be mopped up quickly without staining the floor.
Also, less wear of the concrete surface means that you don’t have to clean as often.
Here at Becosan we are confident that turning your concrete floor into a Becosan floor will reduce your cleaning costs by 70% or more.
Protection against scratches
Like any floor covering, waxed concrete is subject to rubbing loose furniture, risks of punching, falling heavy objects or attacks of heels. If you cannot do anything against falling objects, heel strokes, there is a very simple way to prevent the deterioration of your waxed concrete floor by placing good quality pads with a strong adhesive under the set of feet of your furniture, tables, and chairs.
About once a year, if the protective coating shows signs of weakness, it can be stripped with a suitable product to remove the coating and apply a new one. Next, apply a new coating protection wax. This renovation of the waxed concrete floor is a delicate step that should be entrusted to a professional.
Learn how you can make your concrete floor easy to clean with a BECOSAN treatment
Industrial Cleaning Equipment
The industrial cleaning is not just an activity performed to leave the more presentable environment, or to show customers that the company cares about that, but also a safety issue, offering employees a better working environment, within hygiene standards that allow the performance of any activity without risks to the health and physical integrity of those who are working.
Performing industrial cleaning is to do the sanitation and disinfection of all equipment used, eliminating not only metal residues and accumulation of any kind of dirt, cleaning both visible and unseen dirt, but that can harm the health of employees.
The cleaning equipment, perform a mechanical action, which was previously performed by human effort, which resulted in low productivity and could not achieve a uniform standard of quality.
Floor cleaning equipment: Depending on the environment, the size of the area to be cleaned, the type and volume of the dirt, you choose the type of cleaning equipment, whether vacuum cleaners, electric sweepers, mechanical sweepers, or cleaning.
Floor washing equipment: For cleaning the internal or external floors, mechanization options are industrial vacuum cleaners, high-pressure washers, and floor washer dryers, as well as manual cleaning equipment such as buckets with squeegees, water mop, the flat water mop with attached dispensers, etc.
The washers wipe the floor with a brush or scott-brite disc with the aid of the detergent suitable for each type of floor and dirt, the washer dryers also with the advantage of washing and already suck the water with the dirt. The high-pressure washer washes by the impact of water on the surface. All are cleaning equipment that mechanizes activities, reducing the consumption of water, chemicals, and workforce.
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Types of industrial cleaning equipment
Industrial vacuum cleaner
Industrial vacuum cleaner is suitable for factory, shop, warehouse cleaning, etc. Offers on this type of cleaning equipment are varied regarding power, sizes, etc. What are the elements that come into play when comparing offers? First, you will need to identify the category of industrial vacuum cleaner you need:
- The industrial vacuum cleaner for water and dust: to suck both liquid and solid particles.
- The industrial injector-extractor vacuum cleaner: used for cleaning carpets and rugs.
- Industrial vacuum cleaner for sweeping
- The industrial vacuum cleaner for chips: often recommended in the field of carpentry.
The machine is equipped with a circular brush capable of turning at a brisk pace. Between 200 and 400 revolutions per minute. One of the major advantages of such equipment is that the different brushes that can be used to allow different cleaning operations: sweeping and washing or even scrubbing. Because, in fact, the rotational power of the brushes makes it possible to eliminate the most important tasks. There is a range of accessories that can adapt your machine to the different types of floors that you have to treat: hard floors, concrete, carpets, etc.
The Sweeper is an automatic broom. As with conventional brooms, it’s about collecting waste and dust. Depending on the kind of waste you have to assemble, the bristles or brushes of the sweeper should be different. More or less flexible, more or less dense.
There are different modes of propulsion on this type of cleaning machines: towed so positioned behind a machine, freestanding or manual. For example, for areas less than 200 square meters, opt for a manual industrial sweeper. For areas over 1000 square meters and more, prefer an industrial sweeper at least motorized. The sweeper auto reach will be useful only for really important of more than 2000 square meters.
Allowing the cleaning, maintenance, and addition of small and large indoor or outdoor surfaces, sweepers are hygiene and cleanliness equipment that ensure a fast and reliable sweep while respecting the surface of the ground: self-propelled, self-propelled or manual.
The industrial auto washer
Industrial scrubbers are useful for quickly and efficiently cleaning large stores, factories, communities, businesses and parking lots. This machine consists of two bins, one filled with detergent and water; the other intended to recover the waste. The floors are cleaned with brushes. The industrial washing machine allows cleaning, polishing and drying floors in one and the same passage which makes this industrial cleaning equipment a favorite, especially with supermarkets that are brought to receive public streaming.
The major benefits of using industrial cleaning equipment are efficiency. The instrumentation of the cleaning equipment with steam, high pressure, high temperature, force, and abrasion raises the quality of the service because nobody can be as efficient as the machines.
Unlike cleaning professionals, the equipment can work for uninterrupted hours without reaching exhaustion. For a extensive and time-consuming cleaning, it is possible to change the operator and continue the service with the same equipment. Also, the machines do the work in very reduced time compared to the manual result. Better, faster and no need for breaks!
Warehouses are usually places of work or storage where, in general, care should be taken to ensure that everything works well, that there is safety for the workers and that it leads to an increase in worker productivity. Well, the reality, with few exceptions, is not this and often the most basic safety conditions are called into question because the accumulation of waste increases the risk of fire and facilitates its propagation.
The cleaning and maintenance routines created by the team or people who use the warehouse have long been regarded as important quality measures in warehouse management, and cleaning can improve this level of quality.
If there is no quality in cleaning and maintenance people outside the warehouse will have the idea of the sloppiness of the people who manage and work in the warehouse. So good maintenance and cleanliness will make a great impression on visitors, create an organized and clean workplace (where workers feel good), decompress security, improve control of breakdowns and hygiene.
Cleaning a warehouse is not a task like cleaning a dwelling. There is a lot more room to clean, lots of heavy equipment to handle and move from the site and this complicates everything. Not to mention the specific industrial degreasing and washing equipment.
Cleaning of interior and exterior warehouse
This is a specialized task and implies, not only the interior cleaning of the warehouse but also the exterior. These are processes that must be done correctly and therefore; professional cleaning services are often chosen because they guarantee knowledge, experience and possess the necessary equipment for the task. More importantly, before you clean the warehouse, you have already defined policies to protect workers and warehouse contents.
Professional cleaning equipment
Some of the equipment that may be used by cleaning professionals:
- Purifiers of energy;
- Energy scavengers;
- Feeding Purifiers (which will be used in the toughest stains in concrete)
- Pressure washers;
- Energy washers;
- Power sweepers;
However, for their cost, these equipment are very expensive to be acquired by someone other than a company. If you do not want to hire a company when cleaning a warehouse, make sure that:
- Ensure minimum quality in the cleaning of each warehouse area;
- Check the safety, quality, and validity of the cleaning products used;
- Chemical liquids are cleaned with the correct detergents;
- Maximize products and processes that could damage structures or coatings, weaken or cause erosion in the structure of the warehouse;
When you have the warehouse clean, do not forget that maintaining this is critical for your business partners and vision they have of you.
As warehouses are usually tricky to clean, hiring a professional will free you from headaches. Safety, hygiene, knowledge, etc. All aspects will be ensured, with the guarantee that they will have the right equipment and will be able to assist you in the best way possible.